ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is a medical condition. A person with ADHD has differences in brain development and brain activity that affect attention, the ability to sit still, and self-control. ADHD often starts in childhood and can persist into adulthood. It may contribute to low self-esteem, troubled relationships, and difficulty at school or work.
A person may get suddenly aggressive, irritated or hyper. Lack of restraint and persistent repletion of words or actions are also part of the behavioral change.
An individual goes through lack of focusing, concentration, forgetfulness, absent-mindedness, problem of paying attention, etc.
Ups and downs in mood:
An individual experiences anxiety, anger, boredom, excitement and mood swings in such condition. Depression and learning disability can also be seen in some cases.
How to cure ADHD?
Therapies, Medications and Experts can help in curing ADHD.
Therapies include support group, cognitive behavioral therapy, anger management, and counseling psychology, psycho education, Family therapy, applied behavior analysis. Therapies help in curing ADHD a lot as the patients and experts come in direct contact with each other. A forum of counseling and seminars are arranged among people of similar condition or goal, patients are taught to control anger and destructiveness, by meditation and other means.
A talk therapy is used to focus on modifying negative thoughts and emotions. Education about mental health is shared to validate and empower patients. Psychological counseling helps families solve disputes and communicate more effectively. A teaching method that helps autistic children learn socially significant skills by encouraging positive behavior is also a part of therapy.
Stimulant, cognition-enhancing medication, and antihypertensive drug are the parts of medication process.
Stimulants are used to increase neurotransmitter levels, heart rate and blood pressure. It decreases appetite and sleep. Cognition-enhancing medication improves mental function, lowers blood pressure and may balance mood. Antihypertensive drugs lower blood pressure as well.
Mental health experts like psychiatrist, clinical psychologists, and pediatrician help in curing ADHD.
Clinical Psychologist and psychiatrist treat mental disorders mainly with talk therapy and medications respectively. Pediatricians provide medical care for infants, children, and teenagers.